History of the Chakras
The word Chakra is a Sanskrit work meaning wheel or disk. The charkas were considered to be psychic
centres of consciousness in India around 600B.C. The chakras and Kundalini came to be an integral part of Yoga philosophy in the Tantric tradition, whicharose in the 7th century, Certain pieces of information form the basis of our understanding of chakra theory, one of the main being a translated text that came to the West by the Englishman Arthur Avalon in his book “The Serpent power” published in 1919. Two texts written in India in 1577 and another two texts written in the 19th century contain descriptions of the centre and their related practices. These ancient traditions talk about the seven basic chakras as existing within the subtle body or aura, the energy field that surrounds and interpenetrates the physical body. Modern physiology shows that these seven chakras correspond exactly with the seven main nerve ganglia, which emanate from the spinal column.
Through understanding the tradition of yoga, which has essentially been the responsible practice for brining the chakra system to the West, the merging of the individual with the Divine becomes the goal. This is accomplished by experiencing and processing ever-expanding states of consciousness. The chakras represent the steps to achieving this level of awakening or evolution.
Chakras are spinning vortices of energy that radiate from the spinal column. There are seven major chakras located vertically along the spine, from the coccyx to the top of the head. Each of these seven centres correspond to specific glands in the endocrine system. There are also minor chakras located at different vital energy points in the body, for example the hands, feet and behind the knees.
The seven main chakras are paired with a front and rear aspect, and are connected together through the main power current at the spine. Energy flows into all the chakras creating what may appear to be swirling vortexes, much like a whirlpool may appear. The chakras are approximately six inches in diameter and approximately one inch from the physical body.
They absorb, assimilate, transform and transmit source energy (otherwise known as prana, chi, ki) through the aura and physical body. This energy is processed and sent via the nadis (central points) to the nervous system, the endocrine glands and then the blood to nourish the body. This energy is also processed in a psychodynamic way enabling a specific psychological function to operate within each chakra. The energy flows dynamically through the entire system influencing the physical, emotional and mental states of being. When the chakras are not functioning well, the related physical and emotional systems will be affected, thus the connection between physical and emotional dis-ease.